Josephus (ca. 37–100 AD) quoted Berossus (writing ca. 280 BC), when he described the gardens. Berossus described the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II, the king he credits with the construction of the Hanging Gardens.
“In this palace he erected very high walks, supported by stone pillars; and by planting what was called a pensile paradise, and replenishing it with all sorts of trees, he rendered the prospect an exact resemblance of a mountainous country. This he did to gratify his queen, because she had been brought up in Media, and was fond of a mountainous situation.
In Syria Assad made his own version of the Hanging Gardens : hanging concrete, hanging gaping buildings balanced on debris, hanging burnt furniture and windows, and hanging memories, stories, narratives and histories.